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where did the harp originate

[9] Variants were described ranging from 14 to 17 strings, and the instrument used by wandering minstrels for accompaniment. In many cases this means such a harp can only play in one key at a time and must be manually retuned to play in another key. They are derived from the Baroque harps that were brought from Spain during the colonial period. The connection of Scotland its love of stringed instruments is both ancient and recorded. The pedal harp contains seven pedals that each affect the tuning of all strings of one pitch-class. The Jew's harp is neither Jewish nor a harp; it is a plucked idiophone and likewise not a stringed instrument. The lever harp in Brittany", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Harp&oldid=982692824, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles containing Quechua-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from December 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Articles containing Assyrian Neo-Aramaic-language text, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz instrument identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 18:50. Relatively new organisations also use the harp, but often modified to reflect a theme relevant to their organisation: Irish airline Ryanair uses a modified harp, and the Irish State Examinations Commission uses it with an educational theme. Though the ancient Chinese konghou has not been directly resurrected, the name has been revived and applied to a modern newly invented instrument based on the Western classical harp, but with the strings doubled back to form two notes per string, allowing advanced techniques such as note-bending. This variant was first attested as the arpa de dos órdenes ("two-row harp") in Spain and Portugal, in the 17th century. The hooks were quickly improved to crochets, which were right-angled rather than u-shaped hooks, then to bequilles, sets of two small levers in which each string wrapped through; when a pedal was depressed, one lever would turn clockwise and the other counter-clockwise, providing a firmer grip. Jacques-Georges Cousineau (France, 1760-1824) invented the bequille and other mechanisms for the harp, was also a harp virtuoso. A similar harp, the changi survives in the Svaneti region of Georgia. Single course inline chromatic harps have been produced at least since 1902, when Karl Weigel of Hanover patented a model of inline chromatic harp.[43]. The Society of United Irishmen was instrumental in the development of the harp as a national symbol, particularly during the 1798 rebellion. Dublin pedal harp maker John Egan developed a new type of harp which had gut strings and semitone mechanisms like an orchestral pedal harp; it was small and curved like the historical cláirseach or Irish harp, but its strings were of gut and the soundbox was much lighter. The earliest descriptions of a European triangular framed harp i.e. Since 1922, the government of Ireland has used a similar left-facing harp, based on the Trinity College Harp in the Library of Trinity College Dublin as its state symbol. [29], In the remote and mountainous Nuristan province of Afghanistan the Kafir harp has been part of the musical traditional for many years. It had two necks, two bodies and two columns that crossed in the middle, each double-strung with 40 strings. harps with a fore pillar are found on carved 8th century Pictish stones. The tricolour did not come into use until he 1916-19 period. It is relatively large, with a significantly increased volume of the resonator box, which gives basses a special richness. PLUCK will continue to use Jew's harp, as it is still the most common term in use, but when referring to a player of the instrument will use "jawharpist." Some harps, rather than using pedal or lever devices, achieve chromaticity by simply adding additional strings to cover the notes outside their diatonic home scale. The Turkish çeng was a nine-string harp in the Ottoman Empire which became extinct at the end of the 17th century,[28] but has undergone some revival and evolution since the late 20th century. Harp, stringed instrument in which the resonator, or belly, is perpendicular, or nearly so, to the plane of the strings. Modern harps also vary in techniques used to extend the range and chromaticism of the strings (e.g., adding sharps and flats). These strings are off set to permit the harpist to reach past the outer row and pluck an inner string if a chromatic note is needed. The pedals, from left to right, are D, C, B on the left side and E, F, G, A on the right. No one really knows where the harp originated and we will never know what harp music sounded like in the pre-historical era. A number of harp-like instruments in Africa are not easily classified with European categories. In 1810, a double-action pedal harp was patented in which the seven pedals could be depressed twice and each string passed through two pronged discs instead of just one. On harps of earlier design, a given string can play only a single note without retuning. Learn more about harps, including their history. It usually accompanies love dances and songs, such as huayno. the Utrecht Psalter) from early 9th-century France. The arpa jarocha is typically played while standing. The harp is also used extensively as a corporate logo, by private companies and government organisations. The laser harp is not a stringed instrument at all, but is a harp-shaped electronic instrument controller that has laser beams where harps have strings. They were shaped liked bows or angular and had very few strings (because they lacked a column they could not support much string tension). Although there are very few remaining in existence, art from that time indicates they utilized about ten or eleven strings. A simplified version was made in the late 19th century with one body, column and a wider neck which two sets of strings descended, crossed and attached to the soundboard. The Society's seal device shows an elaborate harp with two mottoes " … Approximately 1720, a less cumbersome way to get some chromatic notes from a single-strung harp tuned diatonically was introduced. An arched harp made of wooden brackets and metal strings is depicted on an Indus seal. While one course of European harps led to greater complexity, resulting largely in the modern pedal harp, other harping traditions maintained simpler diatonic instruments which survived and evolved into modern traditions. The frame harp, or a harp that included a straight forepillar (or column in the modern sense), first appeared in Medieval Western Europe in the 8th to 10th centuries AD. The harp has been used as a political symbol of Ireland for centuries. [citation needed], Another early South Asian harp was the ancient veena, not to be confused with the modern Indian veena which is a type of lute. The Harp's Origins No one really knows where the harp originated and we will never know what harp music sounded like in the pre-historical era. [11] The ancient veena survives today in Burma, in the form of the saung harp still played there. Although some ancient members of the harp family died out in the Near East and South Asia, descendants of early harps are still played in Myanmar and parts of Africa, and other defunct variants in Europe and Asia have been utilized by musicians in the modern era. [40] In the mid-20th century Jord Cochevelou developed a variant of the modern Celtic harp which he referred to as the "Breton Celtic harp"; his son Alan Stivell was to become the most influential Breton harper, and a strong influence in the broader world of the Celtic harp. [27], While lyres and zithers have persisted in the Middle East, most of the true harps of the region have become extinct, though some are undergoing initial revivals. [33], The addition of pedals broadened the harp's abilities, allowing its gradual entry into the classical orchestra, largely beginning in the 19th century. The harp is regarded as having a sweet sound, to the point where it's traditionally associated with angels. A medieval harp (left) and a single-action pedal harp (right), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "The Sumerian Harp of Ur, c. 3500 B.C.E. Triple-strung harps first appeared in Italy in the late 16th or early 17th century.

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