northern stargazer shock
On the northern stargazer, this stripe extends onto the rear portion of the body; on the southern stargazer this stripe does not extend pass the tail. Reproduction $1 for 3 months. The top of the stargazer has electric organs in the orbitae which can generate and transmit an electric shock. SUBSCRIBE NOW. They slowly grow a dark coloring and develop the electrical organs from eye muscles when they are 12–15 mm (0.5–0.6 in). Astroscopus is derived from the Greek word “astro” = star and the latin word “scopus” = mark at which to shoot. The northern stargazer has a blackish brown body with white spots that are of the same size all over its head and back. These marine fish have a pair of openings in the skull behind the eyes that can generate a decent electric shock (used to stun prey or a hapless fisherman!). It is a dark blackish-brown with white spots on head and body, and striped fins, and it can grow to almost 22 inches long. Juvenile stargazers tend to move inshore to sandy bays, where they may stay for several years. The eyes, which were on the side of the larval head, will also migrate to the top of the head. Save 97%. They bury themselves in the sand and wait for prey (usually smaller fish) to come by. $1 for 3 months. It has three dark horizontal stripes on its (white) tail. The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. There are three dark, horizontal stripes on the tail. Northern stargazer (English), aranhuco (Portuguese), bezmek (Serbian), cabecudo (Portuguese), kurbaga baligi (Turkish), lychnos (Greek), pesce prete (Italian), rata (Spanish), skaber amerykanski (Polish), sterngucker (German), stjarnkikare (Swedish), and taivaantahystaja (Finnish). Masks are required at all times. Unlike most species of fish that bring water in through their mouths to breathe, the stargazer breathes through its nostrils.  The stargazer's scientific name is Astroscopus guttatus where Astroscopus means "one who aims at the stars" and guttatus translating into "speckled" – referring to the white spots on the fish's back. Pictures were sent in by different people. When they reach this length, the yolk sack has been completely consumed and the larvae begin feeding on other larvae in the water column, including some of their own kind. At this length the larvae will migrate to the bottom and become a true juvenile. The stargazer does this by filling the tissues behind the eyes with liquid. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. The electric organs begin to form when the larvae reach about 12-15 mm in length. The northern stargazer is well adapted to life under the sand. Coloration It inhabits sandy bottoms of the temperate waters of the western Atlantic, ranging from North Carolina to New York. It's flattened body can grow to 22 inches in length, but it averages 8 to 18 inches in length. The northern stargazer is not listed as endangered or vulnerable with the World Conservation Union (IUCN). The diet of the northern stargazer consists of smaller fish that are unlucky enough to swim near it. Because of the stargazer’s ability to produce electrical currents, live specimens of this species should be handled with care. The northern stargazer, Astroscopus guttatus, is a benthic species, living most of its life on or under the bottom. I have been shocked about a dozen times by them. The northern stargazer lives primarily along the eastern seaboard of the United States. The Northern Stargazer has a face only a mother could love and an electric shock to boot. Stargazers have the unique ability to produce an electric shock from an organ located between their eyes on the top of their head. The mouth of the stargazer faces up so that it can ambush prey while hiding in the sandy bottoms of coastal bodies of water. The northern stargazer, Astroscopus guttatus, closely resembles the southern stargazer in appearance and in life history. So be … Three dark, horizontal lines appear on its tail. Also, as stated, they do not ACTUALLY have teeth. The southern stargazer, Astroscopus y-graecum, closely resembles the northern stargazer in appearance and in life history. It is found inshore, at depths to 120 feet (36 m). It doesn't really hurt, it's more of a tingle that runs up to about your elbow. The Northern Stargazer Astroscopus guttatus whiles away the long lazy days lying mostly buried by sand, the stargazy eyes on top of its head picking out prey – mostly small fish – to ambush and stuff into its bizarre YKK zip-mouth. After this they swim to the bottom and grow into adults. This fish possesses a special talent: it is able to create weak electrical currents from a specialized organ located behind the eyes. It then waits for dinner to unknowingly swim by, and it ambushes the prey. Abbott (1860) described the northern stargazer as Astroscopus guttatus. The juveniles will develop the characteristic patterns of the adults during the time spent in the sandy bays. (2006). The eyes are capable of protruding for a short distance, appearing stalked, for a limited amount of time to allow the fish to gaze over the bottom. Its main function is to protect the stargazer from anything that may pose a threat to the well being of the fish. This stout fish has a special organ just behind its eyes that produces an electric shock which it uses defensively, so caution is advised when handling. The northern stargazer has a blackish-brown body with white spots that gradually get bigger from its head to its tail. Learn what else we are doing to keep you safe. That is the only region that can shock you, and the fish must also be wet. The mouth of the stargazer faces up so that it can ambush prey while hiding in the sandy bottoms of coastal bodies of water. Stargazers have a flat forehead with a lot of body mass up front near the mouth. The eggs are small, transparent, and slowly float to the surface. Stargazers are very strange fish. When the juveniles reach about a foot in length, they move offshore and become adults. Once the prey is in range, the stargazer rises from the sand and in an instant swallows the fish whole. Donate. Adults may reach 22 inches (56 cm) in length, but are more common at lengths of 8-18 inches (20-46 cm). Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T47153800A47461926.en, http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/StarGazerNorth/StarGazeNorth.htm, Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Astroscopus_guttatus&oldid=983378621, Articles needing additional references from August 2007, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 22:27. The body is moderately elongate. Another Fun Fact: This fish will rapidly shake its body to slowly slide beneath the sand. The Northern Stargazers live primarily along the Eastern Seaboard of the United States. Stargazers lay small, transparent eggs on the bottoms of bays. They hatch into larvae which grow up to 6–7 mm (0.24–0.28 in). As they grow, a bright yellow spot appears on the chin. Northern stargazers live primarily along the eastern seaboard of the United States. It has completely adapted to spending most of its life buried in sand, waiting to ambush its prey and gulp it down whole. These pelagic larvae grow rapidly, feeding off the yolk sac until they reach about 6-7 mm in length. The top of the stargazer has electric organs in the orbitae which can generate and transmit an electric shock. SUBSCRIBE NOW. If approached by a diver, it generally will not move unless disturbed. Feeding. Keep them dry, and don't touch the diamond on his head, you will be fine. Distinctive Features The top of the Stargazer has electric organs in the orbitae which can generate and transmit an electric shock. It has three dark horizontal stripes on its (white) tail. True to its benthic nature, the northern stargazer spawns on the bottom during the late spring and early summer months. The eyes and nostrils are strategically located on the top of the head so that they will remain above the sand when the fish is buried. The gill slit is narrow and drawn backwards and upwards into a short, baggy tube. The eyes, gill slits, nostrils and most of its mouth are on the top of its body, and its pectoral fins are adept at digging and burying. Northern stargazer (English), aranhuco (Portuguese), bezmek (Serbian), cabecudo (Portuguese), kurbaga baligi (Turkish), lychnos (Greek), pesce prete (Italian), rata (Spanish), skaber amerykanski (Polish), sterngucker (German), stjarnkikare (Swedish), and taivaantahystaja (Finnish). An adult stargazer may grow to nearly 2-foot of concealed eating machine. I dropped the fish and it escaped back into the water. Astroscopus guttatus (northern stargazer) is a fish that can reach lengths of 22 inches (56 cm) and is found on the Atlantic shores between the states of North Carolina and New York in the United States.
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