discrimination and disparities summary
If, for example, it is an industry operating in a labor market in which there is a chronic surplus of qualified job applicants, then it costs the employer nothing to turn away qualified applicants from groups he doesn’t like and instead hire people from groups he does like that are still qualified. One example I note in the book is that in the days of the Roman Empire you could ship cargo the length of the Mediterranean Sea, more than 2,000 miles, at a cost less than the cost of carting that same cargo 75 miles inland. Sowell writes: “Morally neutral factors such as crop failures, birth order, geographic settings, technological advances, or demographic and cultural differences are among the many reasons why economic and social outcomes so often fail to fit the preconception of equal of equal or comparable results. Sowell: Yes. Like so many things that should theoretically be equal, they’re not, and they never have been. Sowell: Even in South Africa. There’d be no point in my writing a whole chapter on discrimination in the book if discrimination had no effect. What’s amazing is how impervious some people are to evidence that the charges are hoaxes. Hogberg: There were even costs to discrimination in South Africa, correct? For example, there is a book called “Why Nations Fail” that asks, why are there such economic disparities among nations? Especially given that these claims are so readily believed and rewarded. Well, just from that one inconsistency you can generate a whole range of outrageous rhetoric about how the cops are targeting blacks. I think back to the Duke-Lacrosse case, where people were just hell-bent on believing that this terrible crime had been committed. Indeed, there were many such “coincidences” of trends that were getting better and then suddenly turned around and started getting worse in the 1960s. There is a whole history behind these things. And so we have to deal with things as they are. You can turn in the grievances for benefits just like they were airline miles. Yet morally neutral factors seem to attract far less attention than other causal factors which stir moral outrage, such as discrimination or exploitation.”. Those on the political left have no question in their minds that they can determine which rich people are unworthy and thus it is justifiable to confiscate wealth from them, and which poor people are worthy and should be given that wealth. And once people no longer have faith in the law, you cannot hire enough police officers to maintain law. Think of the proverbial mother who dotes on her child and makes excuses for everything he does wrong. You eventually erode the faith people have in the law. But there are other children who talked late and grew up to be intelligent and in some cases geniuses like Albert Einstein. I didn’t write a book that says discrimination has no effect. Sowell: It’s what been illustrated by the example you mentioned. When the lawbreakers are a small group, the cops can keep that under control. It sounds so good that many people will easily buy into it. I did write this book to say that disparities arise from all kinds of factors. It’s a culture that is far more violent. For example, the homicide rate among black males fell by 18 percent in the 1940s and by 22 percent in the 1950s. Hogberg: What changed in the 1960s that caused all of that? What we can judge is productivity. A newly updated version of Thomas Sowell’s book, “Discrimination and Disparities,” came out this spring.The author and famed economist sat … And if that doesn’t happen it must be some kind of negative factor like either genetics or discrimination that is causing the deviation. It’s the one area where segregation still reigns. Now the academics who study the history of that era aren’t likely to see it since they are often too busy celebrating the 1960s. Discrimination and Disparities challenges believers in such one-factor explanations of economic outcome differences as discrimination, exploitation or … Check out his YouTube Channel, Thomas Sowell Talks About Discrimination, Race, And Social Justice. The reason is that not everybody is going to be making up excuses for him. Today, the idea that difference between races is due solely to genetics is pretty much limited to the political fringes in the U.S. Rate Books? People who stay there are certainly lining Donald Trump’s pockets. That child is going to have some hard time in our society. You can confiscate money and wealth and all the tangible things that you want to, but those things wear out over time. David Hogberg: I want to read to you something that a currently very popular actress by the name of Brie Larson said at a recent awards show. You can read people like Gradell and others who have studied internationally various cultural events, and they say again and again that nowhere do they find a distribution of people who is representative of the population of the larger society. But even racists, who prefer one race to another by definition, tend to prefer themselves most of all. The authors wrote as though what happens in the U.S. is the norm. Hogberg: So what impact does discrimination have? Now, of course, over 90 percent of blacks in the U.S. came out of the South at some point in history. They shot up to levels that hadn’t been seen since the 19th century. And there is no cost—people who already own houses or apartment buildings can easily vote to restrict the building of more housing. Just one of the reasons it is important is the enormous difference in the cost of land transport versus water transport. Build Your Own Bookshelf? The Jews are a classic example. Podcast Announcement – Taking A Holiday Break. Discrimination and Disparities gathers a wide array of empirical evidence to challenge the idea that different economic outcomes can be explained by any one factor, be it discrimination, exploitation, or genetics. There are so many reasons for disparities that to single out one reason a priori is almost madness. It is when you have something like the minimum wage law, where you raise the wage rate above where it would be in a free market. So, if you lived 75 miles inland, you had nothing like the prosperity that you had on the coast. And so, therefore, the relevant comparisons are the number of black homicide victims as compared to white victims and the number of blacks arrested for homicide as compared to whites. So the whole argument that cops are discriminating against blacks falls apart when you put facts into the equation. Along with your FREE chapter you will also receive CBC's daily newsletter delivered directly to your email inbox. She stated that, “USC Annenberg’s Inclusiveness Initiative released findings that 67 percent of the top critics reviewing the 100 highest grossing movies in 2017 were white males. But that’s true of the left in general. Because there are many reasons that some children begin talking late does not mean that we can say that mental retardation has nothing to do with it. Hogberg: In other books you talk about what you call the “cracker culture” among blacks. As long as there has been data collected, the homicide rate among blacks has been some multiple of the homicide rate among whites.
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